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Latin America is ready for closer integration with Russia

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© Центральный университет Эквадора

The rector of St. Petersburg Mining University, Vladimir Litvinenko, took part in the International Forum on Energy Perspectives, which was held in Ecuador. There were about 100 delegates, including representatives of the Ministry of Energy and Mining, as well as the country's scientific and educational community. In particular, Enit Carrión, Deputy Minister of Energy and Mines of the Republic, and Medardo Cadena, director of research of the Latin American Energy Organization, headquartered in Quito.

There were also guests from abroad, including Juan Navarrete, policy and program director of Mexico's National Commission for the Efficient Use of Energy, and Ignacio Sagardoy, a researcher at Argentina's Bariloche Foundation, which works to implement the best available technologies to minimize the negative environmental impact of enterprises. During the breakout sessions, they shared with their colleagues their vision of transforming the industry in the medium and long term.

The conference was originally planned as a regional event, with speakers exclusively from Latin America. However, as a gesture symbolizing the desire to integrate with Russian higher education, the organizers - the Central University and the Ministry of Energy of Ecuador - invited scientists from the St. Petersburg Mining University as special guests.

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© Центральный университет Эквадора

Rector Vladimir Litvinenko participated online in the opening ceremony of the forum. He emphasized that "the influence of the fuel and energy complex on the global economy cannot be overestimated," because "energy is the foundation of socio-economic development of any state." Therefore, the transformation of the industry requires careful regulation and attention due to its science- and capital-intensive nature.

"Today there is a paradoxical situation in which international organizations and politicians convince the public of the harm and danger posed by hydrocarbons, which are the basis of the world's fuel and energy complex. The illusion is created of the necessity of an urgent transition to alternative technologies. At the same time, the real actions of the world's leading economies show that neither Americans nor Europeans are going to reduce their presence in the hydrocarbon energy sector. Moreover, they are building up their scientific and technical potential in the sphere of geological exploration and extraction of fossil fuels and continue concluding concession agreements with poor developing countries, imposing absolutely unfavorable conditions of partnership on them," Vladimir Litvinenko emphasized.

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© Центральный университет Эквадора

He also drew the audience's attention to the fact that sustainable development of the fuel and energy complex, and more importantly, of alternative sources, will only be possible if favorable conditions are created for the rational use of hydrocarbons. Because they will remain the basis of the global fuel and energy complex at least until the middle of the century. There are simply no other options due to the lack of available technologies for the accumulation of energy produced by wind turbines and solar panels, their instability and low density of the energy they produce.

In other words, achieving the goals of UN sustainable development depends not on the intensification of energy transition, which the West calls for, but primarily on the introduction of CO2 capture technology in cogeneration plants and the transfer of coal-fired power plants to methane. This, on the one hand, will ensure energy security and, on the other hand, will reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

"The accelerated transition to low-carbon resources provokes structural inflation, which is hard to overcome due to the unbalanced growth of individual industries. The global relationship between energy, food and prosperity is disrupted. In view of the elementary laws of physics and the thermodynamic and logistical shortcomings of the new energy sources, it will take decades before they overtake hydrocarbons and become the foundation of the global energy industry. That is why the mankind should abandon the policy of discrediting hydrocarbons which the EU and the USA are now actively involved in and concentrate on the integration of the scientific community of different countries, creation and implementation of technologies facilitating minimization of negative impact on the nature at traditional energy facilities," - summarized the rector of St. Petersburg Mining University.

After the forum ended, Gustavo Pinto, Dean of the Department of Geology, Mining, Petroleum and Environment of the Central University of Ecuador, noted that the participation of the St. Petersburg University scientists and personally Vladimir Litvinenko "was a big event for the organizers of the conference. He also expressed the hope that cooperation between the academic circles of Russia and Ecuador would allow to reduce the anthropogenic load on the environment on the global scale and achieve the stated climate goals.

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© Центральный университет Эквадора

The parties plan to discuss issues of closer integration of higher schools of our country and Latin America at the International Forum "Nature Management and Conservation of World Natural Heritage", which will be attended by representative delegations from 70 countries. It will be held in early December in St. Petersburg at the platform of the Mining University. The work of its delegates will result in working out a declaration of the necessity to create an international expert group to work out proposals to minimize negative environmental impact in the context of preservation of cultural and natural heritage.