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Russian-Iranian relations in the field of scientific co-operation reach a new level

© Форпост Северо-Запад / Павел Долганов

Scientists from Empress Catherine II Saint Petersburg Mining University and Shiraz University held the first teleconference, during which they discussed the roadmap for the upcoming research of joint research groups. Their results will be concrete developments affecting a wide range of knowledge areas - increasing mining safety, developing renewable energy sources, improving the efficiency of wastewater treatment and much more.

The agreements on this meeting were reached during the visit of the Mining University delegation to the Islamic Republic. At that time, the parties considered the areas that fall within the sphere of scientific interests of scientists from both countries and could receive additional impetus through their integration. Now it is time for a more detailed dialogue.

The Iranians emphasised that they are extremely interested in the Russian experience of increasing the oil recovery factor. In particular, the introduction of a system of reservoir pressure maintenance by injecting water or carbon dioxide. Most of the hydrocarbon fields in the Islamic Republic are at the initial stage of development, so the issue of stimulation of well flow rate is not, as they call it, an urgent issue. However, its relevance will undoubtedly increase every year.

"In Iran, the oil recovery factor is no more than 24 per cent. Such a low parameter is due to the fact that the modern scientific and technological potential has not been fully realised in the Republic due to sanctions. In addition, there are great difficulties in attracting large investors. Russia can become a real strategic partner in this area," said Dmitry Tananykhin, Dean of the Oil and Gas Faculty of Mining Faculty of Mining University.

Another vector of potential co-operation is reducing the technogenic load on the environment. In Russia, for example, the volume of untreated water from municipal sewage systems and industrial enterprises into rivers and lakes is at a consistently high level. Oil products and suspended solids enter the wastewater. Iran faces the same problem, which is why scientists are focused on creating innovative materials to minimise pollution of ecosystems.

"We are at the very beginning of a great journey. I am sure that the creation of joint scientific teams with colleagues from Iran will give our research an additional impetus and allow, for example, to develop more effective sorbents for water purification in specific locations. This is very important for preserving the balance in nature," said Polina Kharko, an employee of the Ecosystem Science Centre.

© Форпост Северо-Запад / Павел Долганов

Russian and Iranian colleagues are also interested in joint research in the field of optimising systems for the underground development of ore bodies, the use of AI to predict reservoir characteristics, the organisation of isotropic coke production, and the development of parameters for autonomous electrical systems. These and other topics will be jointly dealt with by the staff of both universities within the framework of the established Coordination Council.

It should be reminded that since this year the Islamic Republic has been a full member of BRICS, which is currently chaired by Russia. In 2024, the summit of the BRICS member states will be held in Kazan. Its youth platform will be localised at the St. Petersburg Mining University.

The BRICS International Forum-Competition of Young Scientists will bring together more than 500 young men and women from Russia, China, South Africa, India, Brazil, Egypt, UAE, Saudi Arabia, and, of course, Iran. The partner universities of the competition organiser, the International Competence Centre for Mining Engineering Education under the auspices of UNESCO, established on the basis of the oldest technical university in Russia, will hold regional contests of student and postgraduate works, and delegate the authors of the best ones to St. Petersburg. Here the winners will be rewarded with UNESCO certificates and study grants.

In addition, universities from Algeria, Venezuela, Vietnam, Indonesia, Belarus, Nigeria, Oman, Honduras, Cuba, Morocco, Kazakhstan and others have applied for participation. One of the conditions is practical implementation of the developments at the enterprises and fields of the participating countries. The authoritative jury will be represented by the heads of flagship domestic enterprises and leading scientists in the field of mineral and raw materials complex.

© Форпост Северо-Запад / Ширазский университет