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Mining Museum

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Saint-Petersburg Mining Museum

Established in 1773 under a decree of Catherine II.

The world’s third-largest natural-scientific exposition.

Among the museum’s collection are more than 230,000 exhibits, including rare minerals, gemstones and metals, the most extensive meteorite collection, historical and working models of mining equipment, paleontological finds, archive records.

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The Mining Museum in St. Petersburg is three years older than America, while Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia, can be considered the Museum’s rightful mother. Now by its size, it is the world’s third-largest natural-scientific exposition gathered in a building designed by Russian architect Andrey Voronikhin.

Stones Stories


Golden Names of Russia



монетный пресс
Russian monarchs thought broadly, but often dependently. For example, Peter the Great adopted from the British East India Company not only the scheme for building shipyards for St. Petersburg, but also the strategy of expansion to Asia and Africa. In chess, copying the moves of a stronger opponent will never lead to victory, but in politics this method can sometimes give unexpected results.
коралл мозговик
The oldest known image of the labyrinth dates back to 1200 BC. Its author lived in the Peloponnese. Not far from the island of Crete, where later, according to Athenian mythology, the inventor Daedalus, the father of the winged Icarus, built a labyrinth for King Minos. In it, Theseus defeated the Minotaur and was able, with the help of Ariadne’s thread, to return back.
The bubonic plague pandemic in the middle of the 14th century in Europe alone killed about 30 million people. People unwittingly began to think about sanitation. In some German duchies orders were issued for the production of exclusively closed vessels. Thus the classic beer mugs with hinged lids appeared. Seventy million years before the plague, the bivalve mollusks rudists evolved in the same direction.
The law on regulation of hunting in the Russian Empire (1892) was still 90 years away, when the Emperor Alexander I took over the role of an official in issuing permits for shooting wild animals. It is true that such an order concerned only one area, Belovezhskaya Forest, and one species, the bison (or Bison bonasus in scientific jurisprudence). By the beginning of the 19th century, the vastest tract of forest in Europe remained the only place where these bison could live.
Senegalite, an aqueous aluminum phosphate, is named after the country where it was first found. It happened in 1976. Senegal, independent from France since 1960, had then constitutionally enshrined a multi-party system. The most westernized country on the African continent took another step toward developing its own political culture, which naturally did not cancel out the influence of soft power from the former metropolis. One of its manifestations: the authorship of all the basic scientific materials on Senegalite belongs to the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris.
On May 3, 1924, Soviet scientist Alexander Oparin reported to the Russian Botanical Society his theory of the origin of life on Earth. The essence of his hypothesis is the chemical transformation of non-living matter into organic matter. The so-called primary broth.
The year 1956 marked the 100th anniversary of the birth of Georgy Plekhanov, the Russian Marxist theorist whose works Lenin called the most important ”textbook of communism.” In honor of the anniversary, the Mining Institute in St. Petersburg was named after the revolutionary. At first glance, this seems an ordinary occurrence, but the paradoxical situation was that Plekhanov was a Menshevik and almost openly accused the Bolshevik leader of treason against his homeland. Twenty years after 1917, such figures were, as Beria put it, ”washed into camp dust.
The most popular and memorable image that appears in all the movies about the extraction of ”black gold” is the fountain gushing from the well under pressure. But few people know that in Russia there is only one field where oil is extracted in underground mines and can only be obtained by one method - preheating.
Why is a mechanical mincer made of silumin 10 times cheaper than its stainless steel counterpart? If only because the threads of the clamping screw made of this aluminum-silicon alloy can tear off after the first attempt to secure the classic kitchen appliance to the countertop.
иридий 1
In economics, there is a surefire way to increase income by more than three and a half times in less than four months without doing anything. You just need to become a monopolist in the global iridium market and at the right moment suspend production.